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An illness that leads people to overeat, starve themselves or adopt other unhealthy behaviours surrounding food and body weight. These disorders binge eating, anorexia, nausea and bulimia are not simply bad habits. They interfere with daily life and without proper treatment they can cause server health problems.
Binge Eating Disorder is uncontrolable overeating. People who binge use food as a way to cope with unwanted emotions or stress.
A feeling of no control
Eat until painfully full
Eat even when not hungry
Feelings of guilt
Weight Loss Programmes
Anorexia Nervosa is an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat. People with this disorder have a fear of gaining weight and therefore become dangerously thin.
Dieting changes, how the brain and metabolism work, and stresses of the body.
Genetics play a big part in anorexia. Compared with people who don't have these disorders, people who have eating disorders are more likely to have a family history of an eating disorder, obsesity, or a mood disorder such as anxiety or depression.
low self-confidence along with perfectionism and cultural and social pressures
Anorexia may be a way of coping with stress and the challenges of the teen years.
Stressful life events, such as moving, divorce, or the death of a loved one, can trigger anorexia.
False Body Image
Rapid Weight Loss
An emotional disorder characterised by a distorted body image and an obsessive desire to lose weight, in which bouts of extreme overeating are followed by fasting or self-induced vomiting or purging.
Genetics play a big part in bulimia. People who have eating disorders are more likely to have a family history of an eating disorder , obesity, or a mood disorder (such as anxiety or depression
Eating disorders more common in women than in men
Eating then Purging
Throw away the foods you think you'll binge on.
Cut food into tiny pieces.
Put your fork down between bites.
Chew everything a certain number of times.
ODD is an abbreviation for Oppositional Defiant Disorder.
A condition in which a child displays an ongoing pattern of an angry or irritable mood, defiant or argumentative behaviour and vindictiveness toward people in authority.
The exact cause is unknown. scientists have found that a combination,of different factors such as:
Biological- Defects in or injuries to the brain can lead to serious behavioural problems. ODD has been linked to abnormal functioning of certain types of the brain
Genetic- Many children and teens with ODD ,have family members with illnesses
Environmental- Factors such as a dysfunctional family life, a family history of mental illnesses and/or substance abuse , and inconsistent discipline by parents may contribute to the development of behavioural disorders
Throwing repeated temper tantrums
Excessively arguing with adults, especially those with authority.
Actively refusing to comply with requests and rules
Deliberately trying to annoy or upset others or being easily annoyed by others
Blaming others for your mistakes
Having frequent outbursts of anger
Being spiteful and seeking revenge
Saying mean and hateful things when upset
Depression is an illness that impacts the brain. It is caused by changes in the brain chemistry. It affects a person's thinking, energy, feelings and behaviour.
Depression is caused by the build up of stress and anxiety.
It is also caused by alcohol and drug abuse.
Serious life changes has a major impact such as when someone dies, you become sick or have an accident. It might be inherited by family members as the chemical imbalance in brain.
Some key questions to ask yourself are:
Do you have little interest or pleasure in things you once had interest in ?
Do you feel tired or lack energy to do every day things such as going to school/work, washing yourself and eating ?
Do you have trouble falling/staying asleep or staying awake ?
Do you had any suicidal thoughts ?
Reach out and stay connected to supportive people.
Do physical activity as it releases a chemical that makes you happy called endorphins.
Learn about the mood boosting benefits of omega-3 fats.
Try challenging negative thinking.
Bi– Polar disorder is also known as maniac depression. It is a mental illness that brings severe high and low moods, changes in sleep, energy, thinking and behaviour
Excessive happiness, hopefulness, and excitement.
Sudden changes from being joyful to being irritable, angry, and hostile.
Rapid speech and poor concentration
Restlessness. Increased energy and less need for sleep.
No Delusions/ Hallucinations
Loss of energy
Thoughts of death or suicide
Has experienced delusions and or hallucinations
There is no single cause for bi polar disorder. however there are different factors that contribute to a person being at risk of an individiual having Bi-Polar Disorder such as:
Genetics, brain changes, and stress can all play a role.
Researchers are studying how these factors affect bipolar disorder.
ADHD is an abbreviation for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
ADHD is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity- impulsivity that interferes with functioning or developement.
Something to keep in mind:
It is normal to have some inattention unfocused motor activity and impulsivity but for people with ADHD these behaviours are :
(a) More severe
(b) Occur more often
(c) Interfer with how they function socially
They may overlook or miss details
They may have problems sustaining attention
They may not seem to listen
They may not be able to follow through with instuctions and fail to finish schoolwork
They may have problems with organisation
They may avoid tasks that require sustained mental effort
They may lose things easily
They may be easily distracted
They may be forgetful
These people may fidget
These people may leave their seats in situations where staying seated is necessary
These people may run or dash around in inappropriate settings
These people may be unable to play or engage in hobbies quietly
These people may be always on the go
These people may talk nonstop
These people may have trouble waiting their turn
These people may interupt others
Definition of each type:
Inatention: A person who has tendencies to wander off task and lacks persistance, focus and is disorganised. Keep in mind these issues are not due to lack of comprehension.
Hyperactivity impulsivity: A person who seems to move around constantly even in inappropriate situations. In adults the symptoms may be extreme restlessness. The person may also make hasty decisions without thinking them through.
No one knows exactly what causes ADHD, but certain things are known to play a role such as:
Family Inheritance (mother having smoking tobacco during pregnancy)
Injuries to the brain
Get enough sleep as being tired affects your attention span.
Keep a planner of doctor’s appointments to avoid disorganisation.
If you tend to lose track of time set alarms while doing everyday things such as showering.
Educate the individual, family, and others (e.g., teachers)
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